Obesity in today’s world

According latest research nearly 30% of the world’s population is either obese or overweight which amounts to a staggering 2.1 billion people. The researchers conducted what they called the most comprehensive assessment to date of one of the pressing public health dilemmas of our time, using data covering 188 nations from 1980 to 2013. Here are some key facts found on the website of world health organization (WHO)

  • Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980.
  • In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese.
  • 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2014, and 13% were obese.
  • Most of the world’s population lives in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.
  • 41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2014.

These are frightening facts about the direction the world is going in. Being overweight or obese not just messes with your looks or confidence, here are a few things that you should expect if you are obese

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Some cancers
  • Gallbladder disease and gallstones
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Breathing problems

And if all these reasons are not enough for you to consider being fit, than you can also know this that obesity has now been found to be hereditary. This means if you are obese you will pass it on to your children and grandchildren. This should give you all the more reason to take control of your life and start working towards removing that extra weight from your body.

Here are a few factors contributing towards this rising obesity

  1. Stress – Today’s fast paced life where everyone is in a hurry to go places and take short cuts in life plus unsatisfactory relationships and lack of sleep due to work pressures has made us lead more stressful lives than we were living some decades back.
  2. Unhealthy lifestyle – We eat so much junk food and other foods which are not good for us at all. In addition to this we are consuming sugary drinks at an alarming level now a days. Also we are continuously attaching ourselves with gadgets thereby limiting our social interaction and physical activities which is contributing to unhealthy lifestyle.
  3. Lack of physical activity: Most of us work desk jobs and the most we are walking now a days is from bedroom to living room or office desk to coffee machine. Moreover even our children are playing outside lesser compared to the previous generation. This lack of physical activity among all the age groups is playing a huge role towards obesity.
  4. Age: Age is certainly a factor in obesity. As we age our metabolism (ability to burn fat for fuel) decreases and we tend to get fat as we mature.
  5. Ethnicity: Race or ethnicity can also play a role in obesity among people. It has been found in researches, that certain races or ethnicity do tend to be overweight compared to other races as their body mass indexes may vary from other races.
  6. Unhealthy environments: Many environmental factors can also increase your risk for obesity:
    • social factors such as having a low socioeconomic status or an unhealthy social or unsafe environment in the neighborhood
    • built environment factors like easy access to junk food or no easy access to parks or play fields or recreational activities can also be a factor towards obesity among certain groups.
    • exposure to chemicals for some people in their vicinity like a chemical factory can also affect their hormones and can cause obesity.

Well as you can see most of these things are something that we can control like our lifestyle, eating habits, physical activity. Just start by taking a few extra steps every day, for example, instead of taking a lift to your office or apartment, you can climb the stairs. Also improving one’s diet should be a top most priority for everyone. It all looks very complicated – loosing weight, dieting. But you don’t need to complicate things. You just need to take some small steps. Rest everything will take care of itself. You will be amazed to find the changes that start to happen in your life with just these little changes in your life and can save a generation from migrating towards this epidemic that is Obesity.

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